Athletics & Exercise

Athletic performance is based on genetics — and the time and dedication you put in to practicing your sport!  Research shows that at the elite level, genetic variants that impact muscle composition make a difference. 

PPAR-Delta: Burning off the fat

PPARδ is a key player in how and when your muscles burn fat for fuel. Genetic variants in the PPARD gene impact how well your muscles utilize fatty acids. These variants also impact how much of a fat-burning benefit you get from exercise.

AMPD1 Deficiency Causes Sore Muscles

Do you end up getting sore after pretty much every work out at the gym? It could be that a deficiency caused by the AMPD1 genetic variant is the cause.

Genetics and Athletic Performance

If you are at the top of your sport and looking to optimize, genetics comes into play, affecting muscle composition and endurance.

lipoprotein(a) gene check your 23andMe

ACTN3: Muscle Type Gene

The ACTN3 gene codes for actinin alpha-3, a protein found in fast twitch muscles. Some people don't produce this protein, which changes the composition of their muscles. Elite athletes may be limited by this genetic change.

Motivation to Exercise: Genetic Variants that Influence How Much You Exercise

A new study in the journal Behavioral Brain Research paints a fascinating picture of why some people are more motivated to exercise. The study looked at the dopaminergic system to see how people’s genetic variants could alter the ‘reinforcing value’ of exercise.