Detoxification & Drugs

Genetic variants about in the enzymes that break down drugs and toxins. These genetic differences are why some medications don’t work well for certain people. Our reactions to toxicants, such as pesticides, also relies on our genes. 

Statins and Muscle Pain

Statins are one of the most prescribed medications in the world. One side effect of statins is myopathy, or muscle pain and weakness. Your genetic variants are important in whether you are likely to have side effects from statins.


Is buying organic worth the extra cost? There isn’t a one-size-fits-all answer to that question. Pesticides that are sprayed on conventionally grown foods affect people differently. Some people carry genetic variants that decrease their ability to detoxify specific pesticides, others may be more resilient….


The UGT family of enzymes are responsible for an important part of phase II detoxification. This article explains what the UGT enzymes do in the body, how your genes impact this part of detoxification, and lifestyle factors that can increase or decrease this detox process.

NRF2 Pathway

The Nrf2 (Nuclear factor erythroid 2–related factor) signaling pathway regulates the expression of antioxidants and phase II detoxification enzymes. This is a fundamental pathway that is important in how well your body functions. Your genetic variants in the NFE2L2 gene impact this NRF2 pathway.


Phthalates are a type of chemical used as plasticizers to make plastics more pliable. There has been a lot of research on the endocrine-disrupting effects of phthalates. Your genetic variants may impact whether phthalates are a problem for you.


Your body’s reaction to opiates, such as oxycodone or hydrocodone, depends on the opioid receptor. Genetic variants in OPRM1 (opioid receptor, mu 1) change your response to opioids. This can mean more pain, which leads to increased dosages… and an increased risk of opiate dependence.


The CYP2C8 gene is important in the metabolism of several chemotherapy drugs (e.g. Taxol) as well as playing a role in the metabolism of NSAIDs. Genetic variants that alter the way that this enzyme works can impact your reaction to a medication.


Your body has an endocannabinoid system which involves your own naturally produced molecules that bind to the same receptors as the psychoactive component in cannabis. This article digs into the science of how cannabis affects your body and how your genes influence your reaction to cannabis.