Everyone is unique when it comes to how their body uses vitamins, minerals, carbs, and protein. The right diet for your friend may not be the one best suited to you.
Let me give you an example of Diet / Gene Interaction:
The American Cancer Society made headlines a couple of years ago by announcing that eating processed meat causes colon cancer. When you dig into the science a little more, though, it turns out that people who carry the risk allele for the GATA3 gene (involved in inflammation) are at a higher risk of colon cancer with higher processed meat consumption. Those without the risk allele (60% of Caucasians and 90% of Asians) are not at an increased risk of colon cancer with meat consumption. (Read the whole article)
Recent articles on Diet / Gene Interactions:
Is fasting right for your genes? - There are many internet docs and nutritional gurus promoting fasting as a way to lose weight and get healthy. The recommendations are often for intermittent fasting, for example, a 24-hour fast every week, or sometimes for Read more… The cheese effect and your genes. - Subtitled: Let’s all try not to have a heart attack this Christmas! Let me set the scene: You’re gathered ’round on Christmas Eve for a get together with all of your family, having traveled from far and Read more… Mediterranean Diet and Your Genes - This website is all about how your genes make a difference in your body’s response to dietary choices. Some people are awesome at breaking down dietary carbohydrates; others are champs at converting carrots into vitamin Read more… Should I Take Aspirin to Prevent Heart Disease? - Everyone knows that aspirin protects against heart disease, right? Well, it turns out that aspirin may only protect some people from heart disease, and for others, it can actually slightly increase the risk of heart disease. Read more… Vitamin K: CYP4F2 and VKOR Genetic Variants - Vitamin K1 is a fat-soluble vitamin that is needed by our bodies to synthesize the proteins responsible for blood coagulation. Without vitamin K1, also known as phylloquinone, bleeding is hard to control. We get vitamin K1 Read more… Meat consumption, colon cancer, and your genes - The link between colon cancer and meat consumption has been trumpeted by vegetarians and heatedly refuted by paleo fanatics. My question, as usual, is: “What role does genetics play?” The World Health Organization includes processed Read more… Digesting Carbohydrates: Amylase variants - Carbohydrate digestion begins in the mouth with an enzyme called amylase. Saliva mixes with your food as you chew it, and the amylase in saliva begins breaking down carbohydrates into simple sugars. Amylase is also Read more… Saturated Fat and Your Genes - There has been a decades-long debate about which type of fat is best: saturated fat or polyunsaturated fat. Those in the paleo and ketogenic world are quick to tout the benefits of saturated fat; the Read more… Vitamin C Levels and Your Genes - As the weather here turns colder, thoughts turn to preventing colds and the flu. My “go to” method of preventing sickness has always been by loading up on vitamin C, even though recent studies haven’t Read more… Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency - Medium-chain acyl-COA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is an “inborn error of metabolism” in which there is an impaired ability to break down medium-chain fatty acids. In a nutshell, the body can use either glucose (through glycolysis) Read more… Genetics of Biotin Deficiency - Biotin, also known as vitamin B7 or vitamin H, is a cofactor which aids in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Biotin deficiency due to diet is pretty rare, but eating raw egg whites Read more… Adiponectin levels, food choices, and genetics - Adiponectin, a hormone discovered in the 1990’s, is secreted by adipose (fat) tissue. It is an anti-inflammatory protein, protective against the effects of low-grade inflammation that are associated with obesity. Although it is made in adipose tissue, Read more… MTHFR C677T: Not All Bad! - Much has been written about the MTHFR C677T variant, with websites and facebook groups named after it and proclaiming doom for all who have it. This was actually one of the first variants that I Read more… Diabetes and your genes – TCF7L2 snp - See my previous article on Type 2 Diabetes for other SNPs associated with the condition. A new study came out this week on a genetic polymorphism and its association with diabetes. I think it is important if Read more… Adiponectin levels, glucose regulation, and your genes - Adiponectin, a hormone secreted from adipose (fat) tissue, is involved in glucose regulation. Studies show that low levels of adiponectin correlate with insulin resistance and diabetes. Interestingly, although adiponectin is secreted from adipose tissue, levels Read more… MTHFR Polymorphisms – Beyond 677 - Going beyond MTHFR 677 and 1298 If you are just getting started with researching your MTHFR polymorphisms, you may want to start with some background information. I have a list of resources on the MTHFR Read more… Coffee: Is it right for your genes? - Coffee — is it good or bad for you? Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world, second only to tea! It is sometimes controversial due to its caffeine content. Large, population-wide studies Read more… Low Histamine Salsa Recipe - Salsa without tomatoes? Yes! Here is a quick recipe for a low histamine salsa using roasted red peppers instead of tomatoes. Low Histamine Salsa Roasted red peppers (2) 1/2 onion, diced 1/2 fresh red or Read more… Low Histamine Smoothie Bowl - Trying to eat a low histamine diet can quickly become boring! Here is a recipe for a smoothie bowl that I like as quick breakfast. Somehow making the smoothie a little thicker and eating Read more…